2023 Author: Eric Donovan | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 05:39
To achieve the climate targets, the Federal Environment Agency is calling for measures such as a speed limit and an increase in the price of diesel. Criticism comes from the Federal Ministry of Transport.
The UBA is in favor of speed 120 on motorways, higher taxes, especially on diesel, an end to the commuter flat-rate and a higher truck toll: the Federal Environment Agency (UBA) has recommended drastic cuts in order to achieve the German climate targets in traffic.
The authority published a corresponding position paper on Thursday, which is, however, already six months old = ". Accordingly, the authority recommends, among other things, increasing the taxes on diesel by more than 70 cents per liter by 2030. Gasoline would have to be about 47 cents more expensive. First the "Süddeutsche Zeitung" quoted from the paper.
Criticism from the Minister of Transport
There was criticism from the transport minister. "Panic the citizens again with waivers, bans and increases in prices à la Federal Environment Agency, is the wrong approach," said Andreas Scheuer (CSU). «We are currently in the middle of the concrete implementation of the balanced climate package. That is decided together - and nothing else."
Little has been done in terms of climate protection in traffic since 1990 - cars use less fuel today, but people drive more. The UBA is therefore calling for a general speed limit of 120 kilometers per hour on motorways.
Tax privileges for company cars, for example, should be abolished and the commuter allowance abolished. The timing of the publication is remarkable: the grand coalition has just decided to increase the commuter allowance from the 21st kilometer to compensate for the fact that a CO2 price is supposed to make diesel and gasoline more expensive.
Compensate for social hardship
According to UBA calculations, this CO2 price could rise to 205 euros per ton in the form of an energy tax. It is important to compensate for social hardship. The state could distribute income from energy taxes to citizens. However, the coalition has chosen a different model: it does not want to increase energy taxes at all, but rather introduce a trade in pollution certificates, in which companies that sell fuel in Germany participate. The entry price of the certificates should be only 10 euros in 2021, which should make gasoline more expensive by around 3 cents - climate activists consider this to be far too little.
The direct repayment to the citizens, which Environment Minister Svenja Schulze (SPD) wanted, could not be enforced in the climate package. "In principle, the measures mentioned in the UBA study are suitable for achieving the climate targets in the transport sector," said a spokesman for the Ministry of the Environment. "The proposed measures are basically nothing new." If the climate package - which, in addition to a moderate CO price, primarily relies on subsidy measures - is not enough, adjustments must be made, according to the new climate protection law.
Truck tolls are also set to rise
From the perspective of the Federal Environment Agency, the toll for trucks would also have to rise sharply. The underlying goal is to increasingly transport goods by rail instead of road. Climate-friendly transport alternatives would have to be promoted more strongly than before. Among other things, the UBA proposes a quota for new electric cars. It would therefore make sense to oblige manufacturers to bring a 70 percent share of electric cars onto the market in 2030.
The report confirms their criticism of the federal government's climate package. "The current UBA report clearly underlines the need for fundamental improvements to the climate package," said Benjamin Stephan from Greenpeace. Jens Hilgenberg from BUND said that the UBA's plans coincided “in large parts” with the positions of its organization.
The paper, which collects many well-known demands from the Federal Environment Agency, was drawn up in June when the federal government was preparing its climate package. The "Climate Protection Program 2030" has now been adopted, but the Federal Council and Federal Council's mediation committee is still looking for compromises on certain plans such as the commuter allowance.
Government climate goals
Germany wants to reduce its emissions of climate-damaging greenhouse gases by 55 percent by 2030 compared to 1990. According to the Federal Environment Agency, emissions in the transport sector should fall by 40 to 42 percent. If one takes into account the measures that have already been decided - for example cheaper train tickets for long-distance transport - the climate-damaging emissions would be well above this value in 2030.
The ADAC criticized the proposals, they completely missed the realities of life for many people. FDP parliamentary group vice-president Frank Sitta said the demands were a “foretaste of what will happen to the citizens” - because the coalition's climate package will fail, people will be “harassed with such radical measures” in the future. The CSU transport politician Ulrich Lange, however, emphasized: "A speed limit and drastic energy tax increases are just as little part of the climate protection program as the abolition of the commuter allowance." It seems to be a «contribution to the discussion» from the summer. (SP-X)
For the Federal Environment Agency, cars with higher CO2 emissions have to be taxed more heavily. The authority therefore advocates a bonus-malus system
The Federal Environment Agency wants to stagger possible driving bans. Emissions in cities could already be reduced with two stickers
From the point of view of the Federal Environment Agency (UBA), hardware conversions on dirty older diesel cars can be carried out more cheaply than shown by the Federal Ministry of Transport. Authority chief Maria Krautzberger said investigations of her house were currently based on a budget of 2,000 to 3,000 euros per car
According to estimates by the Federal Environment Agency, air pollution from diesel exhaust gases in German cities has decreased in the past year. The limit value for the protection of health was exceeded in around 70 municipalities instead of the 90 cities in 2016
The price of diesel fuel could rise dramatically. The EU Commission wants to present a new energy tax directive on Wednesday. Subsequently