2023 Author: Eric Donovan | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 05:39
If the Federal Environment Minister Svenja Schulze has its way, then buyers of a car with high fuel consumption should pay a premium. Electric cars, on the other hand, should become cheaper.
The SPD politician told the dpa news agency: "I think it would be very good if those who buy the big gas-guzzling cars that simply pay a little more just get a premium." This can then be deducted from small, cheaper cars. This could make electric cars cheaper so that more people buy them. Schulze said she found such a "bonus-malus system" a "very, very good idea".
This is also a decision of the SPD, said Schulze with a view to the last SPD party congress. "Such regulations could be made." There is certainly still a need for regulation in detail. «But the system is feasible. Today we also pay premiums for those who buy electric vehicles."
Reform of the road tax
The black-red coalition agreed on a reform of the vehicle tax in its climate protection program in September. This should be geared more towards CO2 emissions and thus provide a further incentive to buy e-cars. A bill from the Federal Ministry of Finance is still pending.
The Greens and the Association for the Environment and Nature Conservation Germany (BUND) welcomed Schulze's statements. BUND traffic expert Jens Hilgenberg told the dpa on Saturday: “The introduction of a bonus-malus system, which makes the purchase of fuel guzzlers more expensive, is an essential instrument for reducing CO2 emissions from road traffic. Anyone who really wants climate protection must no longer subsidize the "old world" of diesel and gasoline vehicles with billions in tax money."
Greens welcome proposal
Green parliamentary group leader Anton Hofreiter said: “The advantages of a bonus-malus system are obvious. If we reform the motor vehicle tax in such a way that it makes environmentally harmful cars more expensive and environmentally friendly cars cheaper, that would be a strong, quick and, above all, socially just lever for the climate and the turnaround in transport. " Hofreiter said that he now expects more from the federal government than just nice ideas and announcements. "As long as Environment Minister Schulze does not prevail over Transport Minister Scheuer and the rest of the cabinet with such proposals, her announcements will remain PR maneuvers."
Criticism came from the FDP: "With her populist proposal, Environment Minister Schulze once again missed the issue of climate protection by miles," said climate politician Lukas Köhler. "The size of the car is not relevant for the climate, but solely how much CO2 is actually emitted."
Transport is lagging behind climate targets
In order for Germany to achieve the climate targets for 2030, the transport sector in particular must deliver. Many experts doubt whether the measures that have been decided so far are sufficient, such as stronger state subsidies for the purchase of e-cars. The CO2 emissions in traffic have hardly decreased in recent years, also because of the higher volume of traffic. In addition, there has been a sales boom in SUVs, heavy sports off-road vehicles for years.
Germany wants to reduce its emissions of climate-damaging greenhouse gases by 55 percent by 2030 compared to 1990. In the transport sector, emissions are to fall by 40 to 42 percent.
Sectors with annual budgets
Since the beginning of the year, a climate protection law has stipulated the individual areas of transport, energy management, agriculture, buildings, industry as well as waste management and other fixed annual CO2 budgets. Ministers have to step up if their area misses the target. There is also a risk of high fines being paid to the EU if mandatory targets are broken.
The car manufacturers want to offer numerous electric cars in the coming months and years, including in the mass market. This is also necessary so that manufacturers can comply with EU guidelines. The federal government considers seven to ten million e-cars in Germany to be necessary by 2030 in order to achieve climate protection goals. Politicians had announced that they wanted to advance electromobility with higher purchase premiums and a more rapid development of the charging infrastructure. (dpa)
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